How to raise an orphaned kitten baby

Baby Kitten Home


New Baby Kitten
First Things to Do
First Aid
Kitten Poop
When Do Eyes Open

Baby Kitten Handling
Bowel Movement
Cleaning Kittens
Socialize Kitty

Baby Kitten Basics
Litter Box Training
Kitten Housing
Cat Behavior
Calculate Cat's Age

Kitten Diseases
Eye Infections
Poisonous Plants

Kitten's Future
Why Spay/Neuter
Kitten Vaccines
Cat Declawing

Kitten Articles
Cat Health
Kitten Food
Healthy Kitten Diet
Kitten Care

Kitten Corner
Cute Kitten Videos
Kitten Pictures
Adopt a Kitten
Kitten Resources
Kitten Blog

Kitten Links
Wildlife Rescue
Puppy Education

Jul 18, 2005

Avian Pox



Poxvirus, several strains.


Variety of birds worldwide: upland gamebirds, songbirds, marine birds, parrot family, occasionally raptors, rarely waterfowl.


Direct contact with infected birds, ingestion of food and water contaminated by sick birds or carcasses, or contact with contaminated surfaces such as bird feeders and perches. The virus enters through abraded skin. Insects, especially mosquitoes, may act as mechanical vectors.

Clinical/Field Signs

Avian pox can occur in two forms: cutaneous pox and diphtheritic or "wet" pox. In cutaneous pox (the most common form), wartlike growths occur around the eyes, beak or any unfeathered skin. This leads to difficulty seeing, breathing, feeding, or perching. In diphtheritic pox, the growths form in the mouth, throat, trachea and lungs resulting in difficulty breathing or swallowing. Birds with either type may appear weak and emaciated.


Warty growths on unfeathered skin, sometimes in large clusters. Size and number of growths depend on the stage and severity of infection. Common sites include feet, legs, base of beak, and eye margins. Often emaciated due to inability to feed. In the diphtheritic form, there are raised, yellow plaques on the mucus membranes of the mouth and throat.

Wildlife Management Significance

The disease can be a significant mortality factor in some upland game bird (fall and winter), songbird (winter), and raptor populations. Birds can survive with supportive care, food and water, and protection from secondary infections. Warty scabs contain infectious viral material. Disease control recommendations are site specific, therefore contact the National Wildlife Health Center for assistance.

Decontamination of bird feeders, birdbaths, transport cages and banding equipment with 10% bleach and water solution is recommended. In some situations, removing infected birds can be important to reduce the amount of virus available to vectors and noninfected bird populations. Vector control may be considered in affected areas.

Public Health Significance

There is no evidence of human risk.

Domestic Animal Significance

Poultry are susceptible and many are vaccinated against pox. The safety and effectiveness of this vaccine in wild birds is not currently known.

Contact the National Wildlife Health Center for additional information on this or any other wildlife health topic.



Finding the right Kitten - Kitten or Cat? - Adopt a Cat for Life - Kitten Development - Kitten Age - Kitten Formula Recipe - Kitten Diet - Kitten Tips - Potty the Kitten - Kitten Hydration - Rehydrate the Kitten - Conjunctivitis - Runny Eyes - Eye Infections - Eye Discharge - Third Eyelid - Feline Infectious Diseases - (FIV) - (FeLV) - (FIP) - Feline Aids - Feline Leukemia - Rabies Vaccine - Feline Herpes Virus - Feline Distemper - Kitten Health Dangers - Kitten Ilnesses - Kitten Diseases - Preventative Care - Spaying and Neutering - Fixing - How to play with your Kitten - Kitten Toys - Kitten Bonding - Coccidial Infections (Coccidia) - Giardia - Cryptosporidium - Toxoplasmosis - Roundworms - Hookworms - Tapeworms - Pinworms - Whipworms - Fleas - Ticks - Ear mites - Injuries - Sneezing - Poisonous Plants - Cute Kitten Videos

Webdesign and Photos by
in Support of the Rainbow Wildlife Rescue
- Privacy Policy